Learn to pronounce the words MIGRANT, MIGRAINE, IMMIGRANT, IMMIGRATION with this American English Pronunciation Lesson.


A migraine is a severe headache.

A migrant is a person who moves from place to place often for work.


migrant: mi-grunt /maɪgrənt,/

migraine: mi-gran /ˈmaɪˌgreɪn/

immigrant: im-uh-grunt /ɪməgrənt/

Immigration: im-uh-gray-shun /ˌɪməˈgreɪʃən/

Other Helpful Lessons:

Question of the Week 🙋 American English Pronunciation Playlist


Hey everyone it’s Jennifer from Tarle speech with your question of the week!

We have two words today that are the main focus of the lesson and then i’m going to add a few words in because I think some of you might have questions about those as well.

So our words are:

migrant which is a person who moves from place to place, often for work and

migraine a severe headache

So let’s look at these two words: migrant and migraine.

So the first part of this word is like saying my.  So to do this, what you’re going to do, is you’re going to open your mouth really wide for that I sound.  It’s going to be in a wide open oval shape and then you are going to close your mouth, I, to a smile.  Your tongue is going to start low in the front,  high in the back,  I.  And then it’s going to move to nice and high and flat in the mouth I.

So for that m lips are closed, air moves out of your mouth: my my my

Next let’s move on to that g r combination.  For the g sound, the tip of your tongue is going to be down, back of your tongue is pulled up, air is just going to puff out of your mouth. G G

Then you are going to move to that r.  For the r I keep the tip of my tongue down in the bottom of my mouth and the back of the tongue continues to be pulled up.  GR GR GR

I do close my lips slightly when I move to that r sound, and I move to more of a square tense lip shape.  You do not want to add a sound between the g and the r.  There is no vowel there.  You do not want to say Ga  rain it’s just GR GR GR

So you smoothly move from that g to that r sound.  Yes you can make the r sound with the tip of your tongue flipped back, but the key is do not touch your teeth for that r, and do not let your tongue move.

Now for migrant you’re going to add that short uh sound, and then you’re going to move to the n.  Touch the tip of the tongue to the back of the top front teeth for  that N.  Air moves out of the nose, and then when you pull your tongue down, the air puffs out of your mouth for that t.  N T  N T.

Let’s put that one together:

my grunt

my grunt

migrant migrant

Now for grain we’re going to start with that gr again.   And then we’re going to move to that long a sound.  To do this, wide open circle mouth, tip of your tongue is low, back of your tongue is pulled up, and then you’re going to move to a smile for the end of that sound.  When you move to the smile your tongue will be high and flat.

a a a

And then we’re going to end with the M: m. Tip of the tongue touches the back of the top front teeth, air moves out of your nose:

grain grain grain

And let’s put that together:

migraine migraine migraine

So we have:

migrant migrant migrant and

migraine migraine migraine

Now some of you might be asking what about immigrant who is a person who intends to settle in a new place.  And what we would do here, is we would just add ima ima.  And let me write that down for you it would be IMA grunt

So that would be immigrant immigrant immigrant.

Now if we have immigration, we do know that we need to change that syllable stress. If you’ve watched my videos you for sure know that. And then we are going to move to  ima grey shun

Because remember, you always stress the syllable right before the shun.  So we have:

migrant migraine immigrant immigration

migrant migraine immigrant immigration

And now for a sentence:

The migrant had a migraine since the paperwork for a new immigrant was very lengthy.

So give it a try I know people are going to notice the difference.  If you found this helpful please share us with your friends and give us a like.  If you need help, check out our products on google play and itunes and all of our classes  at Tarle speech.

Thanks so much everyone have a great weekend!