Speech: What sounds should my 5 year old say?

Your five year old should have speech that is very similar to an adult.  He should be able to say most sounds, most of the time.  Errors will still occur but they should be diminishing.  You should understand your child, as should everyone they meet.  If your child has trouble with the /s, r, or…


Speech: What sounds should my 4 year old say?

Your four year old should be able to say most sounds including: m n ng p b t d k g l f h w ya j Most people, even unfamiliar adults, should be able to understand your child.  Speech doesn't have to be perfect, just understandable.   If other's are unable to understand your child's speech then a…


Speech: What sounds should my 3 year old say?

Your three year old should be able to say these sounds: m n ng p b t d k g f w h She may be able to make these sounds in some words but not in others.  That is OK as long as you can understand most of what she says.


Speech: What sounds should my 2 year old say?

At two years, your child should be able to say sounds made with her lips: p m b w h (just an open mouth) She should also be able to say some sounds made with her tongue behind her front teeth: n t d Your child may be able to say these sounds at the beginning of a word.   That may not be the…


Mobility and learning

Children learn through exploration.  They start to explore when they crawl.  When they learn to walk, their discoveries expand.  Children start to talk around the same time that they learn to walk.  Mobility and learning are linked. Check out this short article on Power Chair for Babies in Advance…


Talking: expectations at three years

At three years, your child's language is becoming more complex.  Sentence length is getting longer (about 3 words).  Grammar is really taking off.  You will hear: plurals (girls) past tense verbs (kicked) prepositions (in, on, under) pronouns (I, you, me) Your child will still make a lot of…


Talking: expectations at two years

Communication seems to explode between age one and two.  Remember, just 12 months ago, your child said his first word.  Now, he is combining 2 words into phrases.  He will use some adjectives(describing words...red, big), action words (go, done) and pronouns (me, my).  You might hear these……


Talking: expectations at one year

This is an exciting time.  Around one year of age, your child will say his or her first word.  Your child may say things like:  "Ma, Dada, or bye".  Imitation of words and sounds will begin. If he does not say a word, do not worry just yet.  There is a range of normal.  Some children say their…


What should my baby be doing during the first year of life?

Before children speak, they pratice a lot!  When your baby is born, he will cry and fuss by vocalizing.  He coughs and burps, too.  These have little to do with speech.  By the end of the second month, you will start to hear some sounds other than crying. The first thing that you will hear are goos…


Face recognition

I just finished reading a great book, The Mind's Eye, by Dr. Oliver Sacks.  Even though the book is mainly about vision, I did find several chapters interesting in terms of communication.  One chapter in particular is "Face Blind".  I learned that children are able to recognize faces at birth or…