Speech: What sounds should my 4 year old say?

Your four year old should be able to say most sounds including: m n ng p b t d k g l f h w ya j Most people, even unfamiliar adults, should be able to understand your child.  Speech doesn’t have to be perfect, just understandable.   If other’s are unable to understand your child’s speech then a speech assessment may be warrented. 

Speech: What sounds should my 2 year old say?

At two years, your child should be able to say sounds made with her lips: p m b w h (just an open mouth) She should also be able to say some sounds made with her tongue behind her front teeth: n t d Your child may be able to say these sounds at the beginning of a word.   That may not be the case if the sound occurs at the end of or in the middle of a word.

Mobility and learning

Children learn through exploration.  They start to explore when they crawl.  When they learn to walk, their discoveries expand.  Children start to talk around the same time that they learn to walk.  Mobility and learning are linked. Check out this short article on Power Chair for Babies in Advance Magazine.  Now, babies who have mobility issues, have an opportunity to explore their world.  Their possibilities are endless!

Talking: expectations at three years

At three years, your child’s language is becoming more complex.  Sentence length is getting longer (about 3 words).  Grammar is really taking off.  You will hear: plurals (girls) past tense verbs (kicked) prepositions (in, on, under) pronouns (I, you, me) Your child will still make a lot of mistakes.  Especially with grammar.  Rules will be strictly followed.  That means your child will say things like “I runned” instead of “I ran”.

Talking: expectations at two years

Communication seems to explode between age one and two.  Remember, just 12 months ago, your child said his first word.  Now, he is combining 2 words into phrases.  He will use some adjectives(describing words…red, big), action words (go, done) and pronouns (me, my).  You might hear these phrases: big truck Mommy go my book all done Speech should be more easily understood.  Not perfect, just easier.  About 2/3 of what is said should be understood by familiar listeners.  You should be better able to understand when the context is known.  If you have no idea of the topic, it is be more difficult to understand.

Talking: expectations at one year

This is an exciting time.  Around one year of age, your child will say his or her first word.  Your child may say things like:  “Ma, Dada, or bye”.  Imitation of words and sounds will begin. If he does not say a word, do not worry just yet.  There is a range of normal.  Some children say their first word at 11 months, while others wait until 14 months.  What is important is that he is communicating his wants and needs.  Children should develop more intentionality around one year.  This means that they will direct others to get what they want.  This is done mostly by non-verbal means such as: pointing (to the bottle to request a drink) using gestures (raising arms to be picked up) bringing objects to others to get something (bring a can of blocks to you to open it) grabbing your hand and leading you to

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What should my baby be doing during the first year of life?

Before children speak, they pratice a lot!  When your baby is born, he will cry and fuss by vocalizing.  He coughs and burps, too.  These have little to do with speech.  By the end of the second month, you will start to hear some sounds other than crying. The first thing that you will hear are goos and coos.  These are vowel and consonant combinations usually made with the back of the mouth.  That is why you hear “oooh”, “k” and “g”. Next, between about 7 and 9 months, these coo’s and goo’s morph into more speech like vocalizations, or babbling.  The baby will say the same syllable over and over again.  You might hear “mamamamama” or “dididididi”.  This is not a word, although some parents interpret it as such.  It is really just “practice”. At the end of the first year, babies start to vary their babbling.  You may

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Face recognition

I just finished reading a great book, The Mind’s Eye, by Dr. Oliver Sacks.  Even though the book is mainly about vision, I did find several chapters interesting in terms of communication.  One chapter in particular is “Face Blind”.  I learned that children are able to recognize faces at birth or soon after.  An interesting study by Oliver Pascalis was quite interesting.  It showed that by 6 months, this ability grows and children can identify a broad range of different features.  Then, at 9 months, babies are less adept at recognizing features that they are not exposed to.  The skill of face recognitiion is quite important to communication.  Like any other skill, we humans are predisposed to face identification.  But, it takes exposure to and practice to become very good at it.  The chapter made me reflect on children with Autism that I have worked with.  Once child had such

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