School Success

The single best indicator of school success is communication. If children enter kindergarten with age appropriate communication skills, they usually do fine. How do you help your child achieve communication competence? It is pretty simple. Mainly, if you talk to your child, show interest, and play…


What are gestures?

Gestures are non-verbal movements used to convey a message.  Children who have not developed verbal communication or have just a few words, may rely on gestures to get their point across.  It is important to watch for these gestures and to respond to them.  These gestures are an early way that…


What are blocked and random practice?

Blocked and random practice are terms used in apraxia therapy.  Here is a quick explanation of these practice types. Blocked practice is repeating the same word again and again.  This is best to establish a new motor pattern. Random practice is saying different words.  This supports retention and…


What is a visual cue in articulation therapy?

A visual cue is a form of modeling where the child looks at an example.  The child is expected to look at your mouth to see how the sound is made.  Typically, the child is then expected to imitate the word or sound that you modeled.


My child doesn't talk. I wish he could tell me something.

Maybe he already is telling you something. Just not with words. We get our point across in many ways. A quick glance to let a friend know not to say something. A facial expression to communicate disappointment. Pointing to a preferred item when we have laryngitis. Grabbing someone's hand when we…


What is modeling?

Modeling is simply showing a child  what you expect.  Typically in speech therapy, it means saying a target word.


When should my child say sounds?

There are ranges of normal with sound production.  The 24 consonant sounds can be broken into three groups of sound development:  early, middle, late. Early 8 Sounds Emerge and mastered between the ages of 1-3 m, b, y, n, w, d, p, h Middle 8 Sounds Emerge and mastered between the ages of 3-6 ½ t,…


What is recasting?

Recasting is a form of corrective feedback.  It is used often in speech and language therapy.   Recasts can be focus on pronunciation, on grammar, or on vocabulary.  After a recast, repetition is not expected. Recasts may sound like this: Child:  Wawa. Mom:  Water, you want water. Child:  I runned…


Communication without TALKING

Children communicate in a variety of ways. We all hope that our child will talk. When this doesn't happen then we look at how he can get his point across. Here are some ways that he may tell you something. Let's use playing with bubbles to explore these non-verbal means of communication. Physical…


What is the difference between articulation and phonological processes?

Articulation and phonological processes both impact how we sound. Articulation errors involve a specific sound.  People often refer to these as "a lisp" or a "wobbly R".  This would sound like wabbit for rabbit. A phonological process is a pattern of sound errors.  People often say that the child…